The stories below were sourced from:
- Nyernila - Listen Continuously: Aboriginal Creation Stories of Victoria
- Gunaikurnai Land and Waters Aboriginal Corporation
- The Bataluk Cultural Trail Website
Gunai/Kurnai word list
- Bataluk - goanna
- Jiddelek - frog
- Brewin - mischievous spirit
- kallack - sticks
- koote - one
- napan - food
- Nerran - moon
- Ngurran - Emu
- parrawatti - big
- tackan - see, look
- wurrin - day, sun
- yarram - river
Sounds of Gunai/Kurnai
- a as in but
- oo as in foot
- a as in but
- u as in out
- e as in get
- rr rolled r sound
- ng as in sing
- i as in lick
Gingin Legend ma Burr-nartidyahran Kitty or Bolgan
Burr-narti-dyahran Kitty ma gingin Krauatungalung gaunay-way-yung died an unfortunate burraring: she was hunted thanga il wal by a member ma gingin Tatungalung gaunay-way-yung, her limbs being pinned thanga mangina gingin nullung ma a lagoon on Boole Poole, her brug, baht-ginnah plakoma il pushed thanga-thanga her bang.
A relative ma gingin tootbuken, walking mangina gingin area wariga a strange whirtbran, wunmangal jilly knew lung to his brauung, tier in gingin mrartj world in gingin warrun. Manana makoote jilly started gill wurt thoolo his tan mangina gingin nullung il felt gingin barrun. Gingin machta was recognised, by gingin pering barrun it is said ketchoon on wangoot bookang gingin whirtbran kehan be wariga in gingin area.
English Translation: The Legend of Hopping Kitty or Bolgan
Hopping Kitty (a member of the Krauatungulung tribe and thus named because of an early hip fracture) died an unfortunate death. She was hunted down and speared by a member of the Tatungalung tribe, her limbs being pinned down into the mud of a lagoon on Boole Poole, her head cut off and pushed under her chest (the method used when secreting a body). A relative of the unfortunate girl walking into the area heard a strange whistle, which he knew belonged to his cousin, now living in the spirit world in the sky. Therefore he started digging with his toes into the mud and felt the bones. The body was recognised, of course, by the ill-fitting hip bone. It is said that on some nights the whistle can be heard in the area.
The Story of Jiddelek
Long ago there was a big frog and his name was Jiddelek. He went to the river to have a drink. He began to drink the water from the water hole, then from the creek, then the river, ‘til there was nothing left. All the animals were thirsty. There was no water anywhere. The animals called a meeting, they decided that one of them should try to make Jiddelek laugh. Turtle and platypus played leapfrog. That didn’t make Jiddelek laugh. Duck and bird flew around. That didn’t make Jiddelek laugh. Bataluk strutted to and fro puffing out his stomach. Jiddelek was nearly asleep. Snake said, ‘Let me try’. He started a wiggly, squiggly dance. He twisted and nearly tied himself in a knot. Then came a rumbling noise from Jiddelek and it grew louder and louder. His mouth opened and he began to laugh. A mighty gush of water came out of his mouth, all the water came back to the water holes and the rivers.
The Story of the First Man and Woman
There was a time when the first Gunai, who was Borun the Pelican, came down from the mountains of the northwest and reached the level country. He crossed the Latrobe River near Sale and continued his journey to Port Albert; he was alone carrying a bark canoe on his head. As he was walking he heard a constant tapping sound but, look as he may, he could not find the source of it. At last he reached the deep waters of the inlet and put his canoe down. Much to his surprise, he saw a woman sitting in it. She was Tuk the Musk Duck. He was very pleased to see her and she became his wife and the mother of all the Gunai.
The Southern Cross and Nerran the Moon
Nerran was a mighty warrior and fearless hunter.
Koote wurrin, after travelling a long way he couldn’t find any napan at all.
At last he tackan Ngurran on the other side of the yarram but the water was very deep and he couldn’t get across.
He searched for a way to get across the yarram when he noticed a parrawatti kallack further down the stream. But Brewin, a mischievous spirit, was hiding nearby.
He liked to move about like a whirlwind and play tricks on people.
As Nerran reached the middle of yarram, Brewin turned the parrawatti kallack over and Nerran fell off into the deep water and he drowned.
Nerran’s spirit went into the sky where he is now, Nerran the moon.
Ngurran also went to the sky and he is now the Southern Cross.
Nerran still hunts through the sky trying to catch Ngurran.
Our Creation Story
The story of our creation starts with Borun, the pelican, who traversed our Country from the mountains in the north to the place called Tarra Warackel in the south. As Borun travelled down the mountains, he could hear a constant tapping sound, but he couldn’t identify the sound or where it was coming from. Tap tap tap. He traversed the cliffs and mountains and forged his way through the forests. Tap tap tap. He followed the river systems across our Country and created songlines and storylines as he went. Tap tap tap. He walked on alone and when he got down into the deeper inlets near Tarra Warackel (now known as Port Albert) he put down his canoe and, much to his surprise, there was a woman in it. She was Tuk, the musk duck. Borun was very happy to see Tuk, and they married and became the mother and father of the five clans, the creators of Gunaikurnai.
The creation story is about the origin of our people. It helps to explain the bonds we have to our Country and reminds us that our ancestors are still watching over the landscape today.
It is important for us to be able to walk in their footsteps and follow their journeys from thousands of years ago – it is a powerful, spiritual aspect to our cultural heritage, and fundamental to our recognition and respect. We are guided by the spirits of our ancestors when we walk through this Country.
The Story of Legend Rock
Legend Rock, lying in the shallow waters of Bancroft Bay, is an important part of Gunaikurnai mythology. One day, three fishermen caught many fish in their nets but didn’t share their catch with the mob. The women, who were guardians of the social law, turned them into stone as punishment for their greed.
How Bung Yarnda was Formed
Narkabungdha, the sea, was tired from playing with fish, rushing over rocks and rolling up and back on the sand. He searched the coast for somewhere to rest. At last he found a quiet place with tall gum trees for shade and soft earth to lie on. Narkabungdha lay down to sleep. He wriggled down into the soft sand, turning his body this way and that until he was comfortable. This place became Bung Yarnda (Lake Tyers), a place where Narkabungdha still rests among the trees.
The Den of Nargun
Map Reference: The Den of Nargun
The Den of Nargun, a cave behind a waterfall of the Mitchell River, is a place of great cultural significance to the Gunaikurnai people, especially women.
Stories were told around campfires about how the Nargun – a large female creature who lived in the cave – would abduct children who wandered off on their own. The Nargun could not be harmed with boomerang or spears. These stories not only kept children close to camp, but also ensured people stayed away from the sacred cave.
The Den of Nargun is a special place for women and may have been used for women’s initiation and learning ceremonies.
The Story of the Southern Cross
The Dreamtime Ancestors of the Gunaikurnai.
Narran the moon was a mighty warrior and a fearless hunter. One day, after travelling a long way, he couldn't find any food at all. At last he saw Ngooran (the emu) on the other side of a wide creek, but the water was very deep and he could not get across. Narran thought he could cross over the creek on a log, but Brewin, a mischievous spirit, was hiding nearby. As Narran reached the deepest part of the water, Brewin upset the log and Narran fell off it into the water and drowned. Narran's spirit went to the sky where he is now the moon. Ngooran also went to the sky and is now the Southern Cross. Narran still hunts through the sky trying to catch Ngooran.
Yeerung and Djeetgun
Men and women of the Gunaikurnai.
Yeerung DjeetgunLong ago there was a great fight between the men and women of the Gunaikurnai. The men had killed a Djeetgun, a small bird that was sister to the women. In revenge, the women killed a Yeerung, another small bird, that was brother to the men. This caused a great fight among the women and men. After the quarrel they began courting one another, they then agreed to marry, so uniting Yeerung and Djeetgun. Ever since then, the Gunaikurnai men have had to fight for their wives.
All Gunaikurnai men are of one order, the Yeerung the Superb Warbler or Superb Wren. All Gunaikurnai women are Djeetgun, the Southern Emu Wren.
The Port Albert Frog and the Whiterock
Of Tidelek and Borun.
Long time ago there lived this Giant Frog, whose name was Tidelek.
One day Tidelek was sick because he drank up all this water in the land.
The next day Tidelek felt a bit better but was feeling sad, for what he had done.
That day, Tidelek was walking along the shores of Port Albert thinking how he was going to release this water back into the bay.
A mob of Gunaikurnai people and animals saw him slowly walking in the bay. They wander over to him and they asked him what was wrong. Tidelek said "I am still sick from drinking up all the water, can you help me free it".
The Gunaikurnai and animals put their heads together to think of what to do? They all agreed to do something funny! The Kangaroo went first and did a funny dance; everybody laughed except Tidelek.
A Gunaikurnai man went second and told a funny story; everybody continued to laugh except for Tidelek. The Eel went third and got up on his tail to wriggle; Tidelek thought the wriggle looked funny and began to laugh, he laughed so hard all the water came flooding out of his eyes and mouth creating this flood of water that went back into the bays. Many Kurnai/Gunai and Animals drowned that were caught in the flood; some were stuck on marooned forming islands. Borun was a Gunaikurnai leader and a magic man who had the totem of a black pelican.
Borun went out to rescue the others and left his wife till last; when he returned she was gone; she left her possum skin cloak sitting on a log and standing up looking like it was her waiting for him. To avenge the death of his wife; Borun painted himself up with pipeclay and changed back to a pelican to fly off; he was frozen to stone as it was against traditional law for any animals to have traditional markings. Now all the pelicans carry the white markings of the pipeclay which as made them now the colour of black and white. Borun now sits as a white rock in the catchments of Port Albert.